THE URANIAN INSTITUTE
NOTE: It has come to the translator's attention that the textual content of some of the original articles sent or posted by Ms Brummund from/in Germany have been altered after the translator received the text translated below. The following text is a translation of the content of the article as it appeared on the date indicated at the end of this translated text, and does not include translation of any alterations that may have been made in the German original since that date.
In researching the mythological literature at the Hamburg University Library, I took into consideration not only the sometimes varying literary accounts of the functions of the deities, but also their various names in different geographic regions.
Alfred Witte called the first Transneptunian CUPIDO. Here the combination of the symbols for Venus and Jupiter signifies happiness and love. Among the Greeks, Eros was the love deity, as was Cupid (Amor) among the Romans. Witte decided on Cupido, which for him meant that love is communal in nature. This includes the various manifestations in which harmonious companionship is a component. One can see where devotion to others in partnership brings about children, altogether comprising a family unit.
Enjoyment of the happiness and pleasure found in each of these types of communion may also transfer to or manifest in the form of organizations, clubs, companies, or even art that is produced or experienced cooperatively. Whether the emphasis is on more personal or more public contact is determined through associated astrological factors.
From a holistic point of view, it is to be considered whether Cupido is significantly configured with the Sun, where it manifests as organic units; or whether the manifestation is more psychological, such as through configurations with the Moon or the Midheaven. Manifestations on the intellectual plane come about through configurations with Mercury or even Poseidon, the latter adding an intuitive quality.
The effect of Cupido appears in the realm of the family, community, social relations, art, conglomerates, and organic units. Standing alone, Cupido is neutral and accommodating in nature; therefore only through closely connected planets and points can we clearly determine the tendencies of Cupido in an individual chart.
HADES is symbolized by the open hand or crescent moon appended with a hanging cross, indicating emotional and spiritual concern and, sometimes, encumbrances. Hades is the son of Kronos and Rhea. He stands for the underworld as well as for the deceased or defunct. Ancient art works show Hades in connection with the goddess Psyche (representing the soul), who is required to perform certain duties. The story goes that the mortal Psyche had earlier made a mistake in her "holy union" with the god Eros. While he had obtained a promise from her to never look at him, her curiosity drove her one night in the dark to break his taboo and light a lamp in order to see him, which subsequently woke him up. Eros then fled and was nowhere to be seen by her. In Psyche's search for Eros, she encountered the jealous goddess Aphrodite, who sought benefit through assigning Psyche the duty of going to Hades. After many tribulations there, Psyche successfully returned from Hades and was found asleep by her love Eros, who arranged for their marriage and her subsequent immortality as a goddess. Thus, from the darkness of the Hades underworld, she once again ascended.
Among Pythagoreans, according to Georg Thomsen, there was the belief that "the spirit watches while the body sleeps". In other words, "the spirit will liberate the enlightened soul from the wheel of life to arise to the upper regions of Hades." In the individual chart, manifestations would be determined by the native's degrees of consciousness. Hades might not only manifest as damages, losses, or unpleasant matters, but also their resolution. In grievous experiences, Hades often helps us gain understanding of mysterious correlations from the past.
In connection with metaphysics, Hades occupies a definite place in all our current lives. In times of great need, we may obtain help through our dreams; energies are activated during sleep through dreams which show the way out of difficulties or address important questions or mysteries in our lives. In a sense, when we fall asleep each evening, we undergo a small death into a dream world where we obtain solutions to our problems, and then once again arise in the morning. Our one great single lifetime death is none other than a change of state of our immortal spiritual component into new circumstances. Here, one abandons the confines of the physical body and moves freely into more purely metaphysical realms, where the experiences and events of previous earthly existence must be worked through on another level.
The unfamiliar or the heretofore misunderstood, which are sometimes accompanied by ambiguity, or in worse cases, worries, or even sorrow, if not dealt with effectively, may lead to physical illnesses which encumber us. This involves mysterious interwoven processes, since Hades as deity of the underworld sometimes reveals itself to us through its shadow only. Whoever seeks to understand Hades may find themselves accepting obligations and burdens from the past, and will often best handle the process through a prior understanding of metaphysical or mystical laws and principles.
ZEUS is symbolized with four open-bottom triangles which converge at their apices and give rise to an upward-pointing arrow, ascending like a phoenix from the ashes.
Zeus is a brother born of the same parents as Hades. Since Kronos killed his father, he too was destined to be killed by his own son; therefore he attempted to devour all sons at birth in order to protect himself. Zeus's mother Rhea, however, rolled up a stone in a cloth and presented it to Kronos in place of the newborn child, and Kronos ate the wrapped stone instead of Zeus. Already secured in a cave with the nursemaid Aiga, Zeus was nursed with goat's milk. Free-spirited in youth, Zeus rebelled against all decrees and oppression emanating from the authorities. As an adult, he gathered warriors around him and promised them victory, to be followed by further cooperative work. A long, hard struggle ensued, carried out with great skill and resolve. After 10 years, Zeus defeated his father Kronos and killed him. Thereafter, his allies chose him as King of Olympus, and much peaceful and productive cooperation followed.
Zeus loved adventure and used his resourcefulness to attain further goals. He climbed Mount Olympus, where he sought many women with whom he sired a large number of children. Thus he symbolizes fertility on the physical plane, dynamism on the emotional plane, and creativity on the mental plane, implementing his energies holistically at all levels of reality.
In our universe, fire and lightning serve to cleanse and clear the air. In earthly manifestation, the efficacy of the energies of Zeus sometimes degenerate into the fire and artillery which potentially destroy; yet, even these bring about new beginnings in the aftermath. Zeus is associated with the creative brainwaves that stimulate adventure, and manifest in the "here and now". His energies trigger creative activities and manifest through goals which compel us intuitively to attend to necessary duties.
KRONOS contains in its glyph the upright cross under the open vessel or crescent Moon which symbolizes the patronage of those souls above and the recognition of our upper limits.
The Titan Kronos, according to Greek cultural mythology, was mothered by Gaia (the Earth) and fathered by the fierce and powerful Uranus. Kronos grew up experiencing ruthless power-plays by Uranus, and this served as a negative example to motivate him toward his own goals. The domination of his father over the environs triggered Kronos's drive for self-preservation and self-reliance; yet he also weakened by reflecting the cruelty of his father in killing him. At this moment, Kronos's mother wisely told him that he also would die by the hand of his own son. Here we find the law of cause and effect manifest. "You will reap what you sow."
By murdering his father, Kronos sowed the conditions of his own death. This might also be seen to symbolize the recurring events of infinity and the times of beginnings and endings. Time hovers over us continually and, according to the principles of Albert Einstein, is experienced through the lenses of relativity.
In expectation of a joyous event, we might experience the period of anticipation as inordinately long; yet, if by contrast we remain focused and concentrated upon our work, the same time period flies by rapidly. In the latter situation, we look up at the clock and see that hours have magically passed by and we ask ourselves why we cannot have more time.
Time passes during sleep in thought-forms, and when we awake in the morning, the hours seem to have gone by rapidly. Astronauts experience yet another dimension of time when they orbit the Earth repeatedly and then return to the ground. During this process, they experience displacement of recently elapsed thoughts and time. Equilibrium is restored only after they are once again grounded on the Earth.
Time itself, in its objective manifestation, preponderates due to its inalterable presence everywhere, and it continues relentlessly, as it cannot be fully manipulated. In our self-confidence we should not be overbearing; we should recognize our limitations, and do what is important. In this process, we hope for protection from above.
Kronos stands out and above the other Transneptunians in many ways. Consequently we find it to bring out the highest, or sometimes officially-sanctioned, manifestations of whatever planets or points it is configured with.
In the symbol for APOLLON, we find Jupiter, whose vertical line is reinforced by a second one, linked together by crosspieces above and below. This speaks to us of all-embracing harmony.
The god Apollon sometimes fashioned arrows in youth with his twin sister Artemis. Being descended from Zeus and Leto, he had an understanding of both war and death.
Because Apollon's love of the nymph Daphne was unrequited, and she fled from him, he sought her forgiveness. Daphne's father had her transformed into a laurel shrub to make her inaccessible to Apollon. As Apollon eventually recognized his appeal to Daphne as fruitless, he remained chaste, and regarded the laurel shrub as a sacred plant. Thus in contests, the victors were crowned with laurel wreaths.
From this point onward, Apollon was designated as the god of wisdom, whose many experiences taught him that passion is not the most important factor; that harmony, understanding, and evenness of temperament are critical in order to be able to carry out one's goals successfully.
Apollon learned to deal effectively with dangers, to dissolve biases, and to serve the forces of Light, according to Philip Metman in "Myth and Destiny". At the Temple of Delphi, one can read, "Know yourself, and you will understand others".
Wherever dark forces needed to be expelled, Apollon set his energies in motion. Thus he led a successful battle with the dragon Python and banned it to obscurity.
After that, Apollon was called the defender of the weak, the sickly, those in need of assistance, and those gone astray. With his calm composure, he brought an easing of tension and physical healing to those he encountered.
He knew that inner peace leads to healing. Accordingly, he made each sacrifice willingly, since satisfaction comes from freedom and equilibrium in relating to others. In facing up to and dealing with excesses, he ultimately brought about balance.
Apollon symbolizes understanding and brilliance that leads not only to expansion of awareness, but also amplification of awareness (according to Jean Gebser) and the accumulation of experiences in many areas.
In astrological interpretation, Apollon stands for experience, equilibrium, harmony, convalescence, success, commerce, the sciences, and abundance at all levels of reality.
The symbol for ADMETOS resembles the Earth on a pole. The shell of the moon rests atop the globe, upwardly receptive.
From mythology we experience that Admetos, son of Pheres, reigned as a magnanimous king and sheltered all those in need, among whom at one time was Apollon. Apollon's son Asklepios (Aesculapius) also had the gift of being able to heal the seriously ill. Therefore he was considered a performer of miracles, and roused Zeus's disapproval. Zeus let Asklepios die from a striking lightning bolt, and Apollon avenged his son by killing the Cyclops, the creator of the lightning bolt. Apollon, fearing Zeus's wrath, fled to the land of Admetos, where he tended cattle.
After a while, Zeus freed Apollon, brought him back to Olympus, and put him under special protection. As Apollon heard that Admetos's lifetime was elapsing, he gave him the following news, according to Metman: Admetos could escape the threat of death in Hades if someone else was willing to take his place there.
No one had been willing, not even his ailing parents. Therefore his lovely young wife Alcestis, mother of two healthy children, was sacrificed. Admetos sat in despair at the death bed and swore to her that he would take no other woman in her place. He remained true to her up through her death, and avoided each temptation. Even when his friend Herakles (Hercules) brought him an attractive veiled woman as a gift, she found no admittance to his inner life. However, after her veil was removed, and Admetos recognized the resemblance to his departed wife, he realized that she was Alcestis returned. After three days, her death-stare faded, and she could again speak.
Admetos entertained his guest in a continually friendly manner, yet showed no emotion, as if nothing unusual had happened. He did nothing to demonstrate his deep feelings, but behaved with inner rigidity originating from his long-suffered depression.
The cosmic effects of Admetos arise from the depths of the past, originating from primal sources. The ground and soil absorb the cold of the night, and the resulting frost leads to hardening and the dying off of organic life. Obstacles and extreme inertia at times lead to and through peculiar blockages and depressions. The influence of Admetos can trigger a deep metamorphosis which leads to persistence and stabilization; it can have a sort of braking effect which helps us to develop endurance and stability.
The symbol for VULKANUS is formed from a closed triangle from whose peak arises an upward arrow, and alludes to a tremendous energy potential.
Vulkanus was originally named Hephaestus, and was a child of Zeus and Hera. Since as a child he was misshapen and crippled, he was thrown into the Sea. The sea-nymph Thetis rescued him and pulled him out. In his later work, Hephaestus distinguished himself through a particularly skilled aptitude with metals, wherein he applied the energies of fire to practical purposes.
Due to his resourcefulness, he fashioned a golden throne as a gift to his mother. On it, he attached a mechanism whereby only he could release its occupant.
After repeated refusals, the gods of Olympus figured out a strategy to break his stubbornness: in return for releasing his mother, he was designated by them as the god of fire.
Further proof of his skill was demonstrated when his lovely wife Aphrodite was found guilty of infidelity: he caught her with her lover, and threw a golden net over both of them. Hephaestus alone was able to free them from a situation where they had become a laughing stock.
Later he transferred his workplace to the foot of the volcano Aetna, where he became known as Vulkanus. There, he worked with his strength and an anvil, and became a forger of destinies. Energies of tremendous proportions manifest through him, and they may contribute to excellence in certain types of athletics -- yet when weak or insecure, he is capable of violence or brutality. There is a certain primal quality to his actions.
POSEIDON is symbolized by two horizontal crescent moons, one facing upward, and the other downward. A vertical line links them in the middle, producing a symmetry which alludes to spiritual and intellectual receptivity to all directions and points of view.
In ancient paintings, Poseidon was depicted as Neptune, the god of the Sea, holding a staff capped by a trident. Poseidon is distinguished from Neptune in that he appeared in animal form, such as a ram, a horse, or a dolphin. Since he drove a golden chariot over the Sea, he churned up the waters so as to produce tremendous motion among the surface waves. These sometimes endangered or even drowned sea travelers, in which case their spirits remained hovering over the ocean.
Thus one comes to speak of the spiritual principles of Poseidon. He is the god who provided for a clear passage through to death, while Neptune led mariners through the uncertainties of hazy and turbulent waters toward hopes and dreams lying only in the future.
Poseidon relates to transparency. Clarity, openness, truth, lucidity, and ethics are important to him for attainment of the understanding needed to develop a higher level of conscious awareness. Poseidon is an excellent counselor when dealing with esoteric matters.
This concludes this summary of the Transneptunians.
-- Hamburg, 1994
Ms Brummund welcomes your questions: Ruth Brummund .
THE URANIAN INSTITUTE FOR ASTROLOGICAL STUDY & RESEARCH